To Shuri Castle in the morning. The largest fort (Gusuku) in Okinawa, a walking course from the hotel. Gusukus from the Ryukyu Kingdom era were highly evaluated for its cultural uniqueness and were registered as World Heritage Sites in 2000. Shureimon Gate was built in the king Shousei era (around 1530).
Kankaimon Gate was under construction.
Hoshinmon Gate. The main halls over there disappeared due to a fire and are being rebuilt.
Shuri Castle was completely destroyed in the Battle of Okinawa (1945) and rebuilt in 1992, but it is fresh in the memory that the main hall, the south hall, and the north hall were burnt down again due to the misfire last year. Would like to ask for fire countermeasures in the same level with those in the mainland for important wooden buildings and world heritage sites.
From the Kyonouchi observatory on the southwest side, views to the south. Could see Zuisen Awamori Brewery in the north, next stop, close to the castle.
Irino Azana Observatory in the west. The Kerama Islands float in the East China Sea.
To Zuisen Awamori Brewery, one of the three Shuri-families who were allowed to brew awamori under Shuri Castle. There is a quaint arch right next to Shuri Castle, so entered inside as if were sucked in by the fragrant scent.
The distillation method of awamori brewing was brought from the Middle East to Ryukyu through Thailand (Siam Kingdom).
The following is the manufacturing method of Awamori, which Ryukyu is proud of.
① The raw material is Thai rice, first steam the rice.
(2) Awamori is brewed with black jiuqu, and it produces abundant citric acid, so it is resistant to germs and is suitable for brewing in tropical countries. All steamed rice is sprinkled with black jiuqu and propagated to make rice jiuqu (all rice jiuqu method).
③ Add water and yeast to make mash. The alcohol content here is about 18%.
④ Distill to increase the alcohol content to 50% (pot still, atmospheric distillation).
⑤ Keep in tanks and bottles for aging.
Tried 4 kinds of awamori and bought 2 bottles.
Headed to the Nakagusuku castle in the afternoon. The last residence of "Gosamaru", Ryukyu's hero in the 15th century. As it escaped the Battle of Okinawa, Nakagusuku retains its most original appearance of Gusuku castle.
Admiral Matthew Perry saw the elaborate stonework of the Nakagusuku's arch and called it the "Egyptian method." It is not well known that Perry, who requested opening the country in Uraga in 1853, came to Okinawa a month earlier. There is a record that Perry urged the Ryukyu Kingdom to meet, and the Ryukyu Kingdom government, which could not refuse, did not invite him to the main hall but met him at the north hall.
His units conducted an inspection survey of the Nakagusuku castle ruins and left drawings of the castle and survey drawings. A valuable cultural resource that gives an idea of the situation at the time, Perry's "Japan Expedition" states "The material for the fortress (of Nakagusuku) was limestone, and the stone building was a commendable structure. Very carefully carved and spliced together, it didn't seem to compromise durability, even though it didn't use plaster or cement." It seems that he was surprised at the high construction technology that built the walls that withstood the wind and rain for more than 400 years. The information may have been used as a reference material for the Battle of Okinawa 90 years later.
Nakagusuku overlooks the East China Sea.
The other side also overlooks the Pacific Ocean. The south is a fierce battlefield in the Battle of Okinawa.
Perhaps because of the good views, new SDF personnel were taking a class on Japan's and US tactics at the Okinawa battles during the Pacific War. Transferring important knowledge. Hope young SDF personnel to do their best.
Nakamura residence that escaped the battle in Okinawa. Important cultural property. Their ancestor, Gauji, moved here as the master when Gosamaru built Nakagusuku. Unfortunately it was temporarily closed, could see a big shisa, Okinawa lion statue, on the roof.
Passed in front of Futenma Marine Corp Base to Urasoe's "Bueno Chicken". Okinawa's loved food, Yanbaru (local) young chicken baked with garlic stuffed in. Took out a half chicken.
In the evening, return to the hotel and relax with a welcome drink again.
A US military helicopter and Osprey were flying in the sky above the quiet old castle Nakagusuku. On the way back, a large helicopter flew low when passing through Futenma Air Station. While witnessing the hardships of Okinawa, realize that Okinawa is the cornerstone of peacekeeping in East Asia by the US military.
Given the recent sharp decline in US national power, it may be clear that the US military will withdraw from South Korea and Okinawa in the not too distant future, and the PLA will take over.
Then, Japan will be left behind unarmed. The media has not reported at all, and the opposition is also holding back the constitutional amendment. Which country's interests these guys take care? When come to Okinawa, concerned about the future.
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